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How to Block Pave a Driveway: A Step-by-Step Guide

Are you looking to transform your driveway into a stunning entrance? Block paving is a popular choice for homeowners due to its durability, aesthetic appeal, and ease of maintenance. At Viv Construct Group, we specialize in groundworks, and our expertise in block paving driveways ensures a professional finish. In this guide, we’ll take you through the steps on how to block pave a driveway, ensuring your project is a success.

Step 1: Planning and Design

Assess Your Space

Before starting, measure the area of your driveway to determine how much material you’ll need. Consider the shape, slope, and any drainage requirements.

Choose Your Paving Blocks

Select the type, color, and pattern of your paving blocks. Ensure they are suitable for driveway use, which typically means they should be at least 50mm thick.

Gather Materials and Tools

You’ll need:

  • Paving blocks
  • Sand (coarse and fine)
  • Hardcore (crushed stone or gravel)
  • Edging stones
  • String line and stakes
  • Shovel and rake
  • Plate compactor
  • Rubber mallet
  • Spirit level
  • Trowel

Step 2: Prepare the Site

Excavate the Area

Dig out the area to a depth of around 200-250mm to accommodate the sub-base, sand, and paving blocks. Ensure the excavation is even.

Install Edging

Place edging stones around the perimeter to contain the paving. Secure them with concrete to ensure they are stable and level.

Step 3: Create the Sub-Base

Lay the Hardcore

Fill the excavated area with hardcore to a depth of around 150mm. This provides a stable foundation for the paving.

Compact the Hardcore

Use a plate compactor to compress the hardcore, ensuring it is firm and level. This step is crucial for preventing future sinking or shifting.

Step 4: Add the Sand Layer

Spread Coarse Sand

Add a layer of coarse sand (sharp sand) to the compacted hardcore, approximately 30-50mm thick.

Level the Sand

Use a rake to spread the sand evenly. Then, screed the sand using a straight edge to ensure a flat surface. This layer should be perfectly level to ensure the paving blocks sit correctly.

Step 5: Lay the Paving Blocks

Start at a Corner

Begin laying the paving blocks from a corner or along a straight edge. Lay each block firmly into place, using a rubber mallet to tap them down.

Maintain Consistent Gaps

Keep a consistent gap (usually 2-5mm) between the blocks. Use spacers if necessary to ensure uniform spacing.

Check for Level

Regularly check that the blocks are level using a spirit level. Adjust as needed to maintain a flat surface.

Step 6: Finalize the Surface

Fill Joints with Fine Sand

Once all blocks are laid, spread fine sand over the surface and brush it into the joints between the blocks. This helps to lock the blocks in place.

Compact the Blocks

Use the plate compactor to compact the entire surface. This will bed the blocks into the sand layer and stabilize the joints.

Refill Joints

After compacting, brush more fine sand into the joints to fill any gaps that may have appeared. Ensure all joints are fully filled.

Step 7: Finishing Touches

Clean the Surface

Sweep the driveway to remove any excess sand or debris. A clean surface will enhance the appearance of your newly paved driveway.

Inspect Your Work

Finally, inspect the driveway for any uneven areas or loose blocks. Make any necessary adjustments to ensure a perfect finish.


Block paving a driveway can significantly enhance the ‘curb appeal’ of your home. By following these steps, you can achieve a professional-looking result that is both durable and attractive. At Viv Construct Group, we are experts in groundworks and paving, and we’re here to help with your driveway project. For more tips and professional services, visit our website at Vivconstruct.com.

Ready to start your driveway transformation? Contact Viv Construct Group today for expert advice and top-quality paving services. Let’s create a stunning entrance for your home!